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Capital City: Hanoi

Population: aprx. 79.939.014


Location: Southeastern Asia; bordering the Gulf of Thailand; Gulf of Tonkin; and South China Sea; alongside China; Laos; and Cambodia

Area: 330.900 km2

Terrain: low; flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly; mountainous in far north and northwest

Telephone Codes: country code 84; Hanoi city code 4; Ho Chi Minh City code 8

Time Zone: 7 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (+7 GMT). Daylight Saving Time is not observed

Climate: In the North of the country; it has four seasons: Spring (February-May); Summer (June-August); Fall (September-November) and Winter (December - January).
In Fall and Winter, temperatures are relatively mild and nights are cool (highs around 88 F/31 C; lows around 71 F/22 C) so take along a sweater or a jacket during this time of the year. January-March is foggy and drizzly in the north. The mountains can be quite cold in winter; with occasional snowfall at higher elevations.
In the South, it has 2 seasons: dry and rainy seasons. May-September is the hot; humid monsoon season in the south; when temperatures reach 92 F/33 C and fall to only about 76 F/24 C. But do not worry; a lot of beautiful beaches along the countries provide you an excellent relax.

Geography: The Socialist Republic of Vietnam; a sovereign and reunified independent country; has a high percentage of territorial waters. Looking at the map; Vietnam is located in the center of the Southeast Asia; and is shaped like the letter 'S'. The country lies in the eastern part of the Indochina peninsula; bordered by China to the north; Laos and Cambodia to the west; and the East Sea and Pacific Ocean to the southeast. Vietnam's coast line is 3.260 km long and its inland border measures 4.510 km.
The country's total length; from the northernmost point to the southernmost point; is 1.650 km.
Its width; stretching from east to west; is 600 km at the widest point in the north; 400 km in the south; and 50 km at the narrowest part in the Quang Binh province on the central coast. Vietnam is also a transport junction from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.

Language: Vietnamese is a tonal language that uses the Roman alphabet together with tone marks. Much of the language is Sino/ Vietnamese; though influences from French and English are also apparent. Today; English is widely spoken in major cities.
English and French; Japanese and Chinese can be communicated in many shops; restaurants; hotels; and resorts.

Religion in Viet Nam: Approximately 60% of the population adheres to some form of Buddhism while Catholics account for about 8%. The majority of Vietnamese have no specific religion. They just worship their ancestors. The family temple is the last place for worshipping the most ancient ancestors from at least 9 generations. The early meeting at the family temple helps to familiarize people of the same family tree and prevent them from marrying each other by mistake. Buddhism is relatively popular since it has a long-established history in Viet Nam. In history; some Vietnamese kings used to be Buddhist monks. Additionally; other religious beliefs include such as Catholicism; Protestantism; Islam; Hinduism; Taoism; and especially Caodaism that worship Buddha; Jesus; Confucius; Laotse; Victor Hugo; Nguyen Binh Khiem; and Sun Yat Sen?

National Holidays: The most important holiday is the Lunar New Year or Tet which usually takes place in February and is celebrated for five days. Visitors should be aware that actually no business is supposed to be run during this period and international and domestic flights are fully booked as overseas Vietnamese return to visit their family and friends. There are also many other festivals that take place in temples and villages during and after Tet. Other significant public holidays include April 30 (Liberation Day); May 1 (International Worker's Day); May 19 (Anniversary of the birth of Ho Chi Minh) and September 2 (National Day).

Business Hours: Vietnamese offices work 5 days a week; Saturday and Sunday are off. Offices usually open at 7:30; close at 4:30; 1 1/2 hour for lunch break. Taking a nap is popular after lunch at most offices. Traditionally Vietnamese open business such as cafeterias or shops when they wake up and close before bedtime. Major shops open from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Markets open from 5:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Official school time is from 7:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. In the afternoon; it goes from 1:00 pm to 5:00 p.m. Museums are closed on Monday

Food: Visitors delight in the cuisine of Vietnam. Some specialties, to name just a few, include Pho (noodle soup), Bun (a kind of vermicelli), Banh cuon (thin steamed rolled rice pancakes), Banh Chung, Banh Day (two kinds of cakes made from glutinous rice), Banh Xeo (rice pancakes), Cha ca (fried fish), Nem (spring rolls), Gio Lua (silky lean meat paste). Wonderful fruits abound: Chuoi (banana), Cam (orange), Quyt (mandarin), Buoi (grapefruit), Dua (pineapple), Na (custard-apple), Vai Thieu (Thieu litchi), Chom Chom (rambutan), Nhan (longan), Xoai (mango), Mang Cut (mangosteen), Vu Sua (star apple)...

Arts and Culture: Traditional and popular Vietnamese stage performances include Cheo (folk operettas), Tuong (classical court dramas), Cai Luong (early 20th C dramas), and Water Puppet performances. “Quan Ho” (love duets from Bac Ninh province), “Chau Van” (traditional trance songs), “Xam” (strolling blind street musicians), Then and Ca Hue (folk music from Hue) are typical of various Vietnamese ethnic groups.
Our famous crafts include basketry, woodwork, lacquer ware, marble sculpture, jewelry, mother-of-pearl inlaying, embroidery, ceramics, and ceramics. Vietnam is especially renowned for its finely crafted lacquer objects. Both beautiful and durable, they include wall paintings, vases, jewelry boxes, trays, chessboards, and folding screens. Along with our fine ceramics and delicately embroidered fabrics, they have captured the imagination of our visitors from abroad.

Sights: Travel opportunities within Vietnam are plentiful. Within Hanoi itself, cultural and historical remnants reveal a rich past replete with heroic legends. World famous Halong Bay in Quang Ninh province is a short 2 hours from the city; its jade waters hold 1,969 islands. Halong Bay has been recognized by UNESCO as a World Natural Heritage site. Hue Imperial City, Hoi An Ancient Town and My Son Site in Quang Nam province have each been declared by UNESCO as World Cultural Heritage sites. Visitors may also enjoy the natural phenomenon of the Phong Nha Caves in Quang Binh province.



Economy - overview:
Vietnam is a centrally-planned economy. Substantial progress was achieved from 1986 to 1996 in moving forward from an extremely low starting point - growth averaged around 9% per year from 1993 to 1997. The 1997 Asian financial crisis highlighted the problems in the Vietnamese economy, but rather than prompting reform, reaffirmed the government's belief that shifting to a market-oriented economy would lead to disaster. GDP growth of 8.5% in 1997 fell to 6% in 1998 and 5% in 1999. Growth then rose to 6% to 7% in 2000-02 even against the background of global recession. Since the Party elected new leadership in 2001, Vietnamese authorities have reaffirmed commitment to economic liberalization and have moved to implement the structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive, export-driven industries. The US-Vietnam Bilateral Trade Agreement entered into force near the end of 2001 and is expected to significantly increase Vietnam's exports to the US. The US is assisting Vietnam with implementing the legal and structural reforms called for in the agreement.
purchasing power parity - $203.7 billion (2003)
GDP - real growth rate:
7.2% (2003)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $2,500 (2003)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 21.8% industry: 39.7% services: 38.5% (2003)
Investment (gross fixed):
33% of GDP (2003)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.1% (2003)
Labor force:
45.74 million (2003)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture 63%, industry and services 37% (2000)
Unemployment rate:
6.1% (2003)
Agriculture - products:
paddy rice, corn, potatoes, rubber, soybeans, coffee, tea, bananas, sugar; poultry, pigs, fish
food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building, mining, cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, coal, steel, paper
Industrial production growth rate:
16% (2003)
Current account balance:
$-1.781 billion (2003)
$19.88 billion f.o.b. (2003)
Exports - commodities:
crude oil, marine products, rice, coffee, rubber, tea, garments, shoes
Exports – partners:
US 20.9%, Japan 13.2%, Australia 6.9%, China 6.2%, Germany 5.5%, Taiwan 4.8%, Singapore 4.4%, UK 4.2% (2003 )
$22.5 billion f.o.b. (2003)
Imports – commodities:
machinery and equipment, petroleum products, fertilizer, steel products, raw cotton, grain, cement, motorcycles
Imports – partners:
China 13.6%, Taiwan 11.9%, Japan 11.2%, South Korea 10.8%, Singapore 10.3%, US 5.7%, Thailand 5.4%, Hong Kong 4.2% (2003 )
Economic aid – recipient:
$2.8 billion in credits and grants pledged by international donors for 2000 (2004)
dong (VND)
Currency code:
Exchange rates:
dong per US dollar - 15,770 (2004),
Fiscal year:
calendar year


Unit : Mil USD

Items To Aug. 2004 Same period of Year 2003 Estimation of Year 2004 Year 2004 vs Year 2003
:: Export 16.796 125.7% 24.150 119.7%
:: Import 19.687 119.9% 28.800 114.2%

You can click here for concrete information about the airports in Vietnam

You can click here for concrete information about the ports in Vietnam

With the knowledge about local infrastructure and road limits, we can arrange with relevant parties to move your containers/shipments from the port or any inland points in Vietnam to the others.

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